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MINNESOTA COURT RULES

PROFESSIONAL RULES

Minnesota Rules of Professional Conduct


Effective September 1, 1985
With amendments effective June 11, 2015

TABLE OF HEADNOTES

Preamble: A Lawyer's Reponsibilities
Scope
Rule
1.0Terminology

CLIENT-LAWYER RELATIONSHIP

1.1Competence
1.2Scope of Representation and Allocation of Authority Between Client and Lawyer
1.3Diligence
1.4Communication
1.5Fees
1.6Confidentiality of Information
1.7Conflict of Interest: Current Clients
1.8Conflict of Interest: Current Clients: Specific Rules
1.9Duties to Former Clients
1.10Imputation of Conflicts of Interest: General Rule
1.11Special Conflicts of Interest for Former and Current Government Officers and Employees
1.12Former Judge, Arbitrator, Mediator, or Other Third-Party Neutral
1.13Organization as Client
1.14Client with Diminished Capacity
1.15Safekeeping Property
1.16Declining or Terminating Representation
1.17Sale of Law Practice
1.18Duties to Prospective Client

COUNSELOR

2.1Advisor
2.2[Deleted]
2.3Evaluation for Use by Third Persons
2.4Lawyer Serving as Third-Party Neutral

ADVOCATE

3.1Meritorious Claims and Contentions
3.2Expediting Litigation
3.3Candor Toward the Tribunal
3.4Fairness to Opposing Party and Counsel
3.5Impartiality and Decorum of the Tribunal
3.6Trial Publicity
3.7Lawyer as Witness
3.8Special Responsibilities of a Prosecutor
3.9Advocate in Nonadjudicative Proceedings

TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS OTHER THAN CLIENTS

4.1Truthfulness in Statements to Others
4.2Communication with Person Represented by Counsel
4.3Dealing with Unrepresented Person
4.4Respect for Rights of Third Persons

LAW FIRMS AND ASSOCIATIONS

5.1Responsibilities of a Partner or Supervisory Lawyer
5.2Responsibilities of a Subordinate Lawyer
5.3Responsibilities Regarding Nonlawyer Assistants
5.4Professional Independence of a Lawyer
5.5Unauthorized Practice of Law; Multijurisdictional Practice of Law
5.6Restrictions on Right to Practice
5.7Responsibilities Regarding Law-Related Services
5.8Employment of Disbarred, Suspended, or Involuntarily Inactive Lawyers

PUBLIC SERVICE

6.1Voluntary Pro Bono Publico Service
6.2Accepting Appointments
6.3Membership in Legal Services Organization
6.4Law Reform Activities Affecting Client Interests
6.5Pro Bono Limited Legal Services Programs

INFORMATION ABOUT LEGAL SERVICES

7.1Communications Concerning a Lawyer's Services
7.2Advertising
7.3Solicitation of Clients
7.4Communication of Fields of Practice and Certification
7.5Firm Names and Letterheads

MAINTAINING THE INTEGRITY OF THE PROFESSION

8.1Bar Admission and Disciplinary Matters
8.2Judicial and Legal Officials
8.3Reporting Professional Misconduct
8.4Misconduct
8.5Disciplinary Authority; Choice of Law

APPENDIX 1: MAINTENANCE OF BOOKS AND RECORDS

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