471.981 SELF-INSURANCE COVERAGE BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION.
Subdivision 1. Except employee health, life, accident, disability.
A political subdivision
may by ordinance or resolution of its governing body self insure against liability of the political
subdivision and its officers, employees, agents and servants under chapter 466, sections
and other law, for damages resulting from its torts including torts for which the
political subdivision has immunity and those of its officers, employees, agents and servants. A
political subdivision may by ordinance or resolution of its governing body extend the coverage of
its self insurance to afford protection in excess of any limitations on liability established by law
but unless expressly provided in the ordinance or resolution extending the coverage, the statutory
limitations on liability shall not be deemed to have been waived. A political subdivision may by
ordinance or resolution of its governing body provide for self insurance against risk of damage to
any of its property, for any liability exposure, or against any other risk or hazard, not including
health, life, accident or disability of its employees, and may, through its self insurance program,
provide coverage for insuring any of its officers or employees against any risk or hazard, not
including health, life, accident or disability of its employees.
Subd. 2. Revolving fund.
A political subdivision may establish a self insurance revolving
fund. The initial amount of the fund shall be determined by the governing body. The governing
body may appropriate the amounts necessary to maintain the fund at the level specified in the
ordinance or resolution establishing it. Expenditures from the fund may be made for:
(a) payment of losses;
(b) costs of defense and investigation;
(c) premiums and deductible amounts when commercial insurance is purchased for a risk;
(d) debt service and debt service related expenses for bonds issued under this section;
(e) cost of loss control activities; and
(f) any other costs customarily borne by commercial insurers under conventional insurance
Subd. 3. Joint pool.
A pool may be established by agreement of any two or more political
subdivisions. The pool may cover the same risks and shall be subject to the same limitations as
those enumerated under subdivisions 1 and 2. The pool shall be operated under bylaws established
by the political subdivisions that participate in the pool. The bylaws and the agreement establishing
the pool may provide for bylaw amendment without unanimous consent of all pool members. The
political subdivisions participating in the fund may establish a joint board to manage the pool
with powers and duties as deemed appropriate. A political subdivision participating in the pool
shall pay to the pool all amounts assessed against it pursuant to the bylaws of the pool and may
withdraw only after it has reimbursed the pool for all amounts for which it is obligated under the
terms of the agreement. The establishment of a pool shall not increase the liability limits of any
member of the pool above the limits established by law for that governmental unit. Except as
otherwise provided in this section, pools shall be governed by section
Subd. 4. Mutual insurance company ties.
A political subdivision or joint self-insurance
pool of counties established by the Minnesota Association of Counties Insurance Trust may create
or become a member of a mutual insurance company organized under chapter 66A, and may
exchange reciprocal or interinsurance contracts as authorized by chapter 71A. For purposes of
this subdivision and subdivisions 4a, 4b, and 4c, "county" includes a joint powers entity created
by counties for a special purpose. Membership in a mutual insurance company created by a
joint self-insurance pool of counties shall be limited to joint self-insurance pools of counties.
, chapter 317A shall apply to a mutual insurance company created
pursuant to this subdivision. Notwithstanding section
, for a mutual insurance company
created under this subdivision, there shall be not less than 32 bona fide applications for policies of
insurance of each kind sought to be written, signed by at least 32 members, covering at least 32
separate risks, each risk, within the maximum net single risk described in this subdivision and
one year's premiums thereon paid in cash, and admitted assets of not less than $100,000, which
admitted assets shall not be less than five times the maximum net single risk, as defined in this
subdivision. The company shall have on deposit with the commissioner of insurance, as security
for all of its policyholders, stock or bonds of this state or of the United States or bonds of any of
the political subdivisions of this state, or personal obligations secured by first mortgages on real
estate within this state worth, exclusive of buildings, the amount of the lien, and bearing interest
of not less than three percent per annum, to an amount the actual market value of which, exclusive
of interest, shall never be less than $100,000. No such company shall expose itself to any loss
on any one risk or hazard, except as provided in this subdivision, in an amount exceeding ten
percent of its net assets, actual and contingent. In this subdivision, "contingent assets" means the
aggregate amount of the contingent liability of its members for the payment of loss and expenses
not provided for by its cash funds. "Contingent liability," in this subdivision, means an amount
not to exceed one annual premium as stated in the policy. No portion of any risk or hazard which
has been reinsured, as authorized by the laws of this state, shall be included in determining the
limitation of risk prescribed by this subdivision.
Subd. 4a. Insurance installment purchase agreement.
A political subdivision may, by
resolution of its governing body, and without advertisement for bids, enter into an insurance
installment purchase agreement with a self-insurance pool. Such a self-insurance pool may
purchase insurance on behalf of the participating political subdivisions and may use insurance
installment purchase agreements or other obligations of the participating political subdivisions to
provide the participating political subdivisions with coverage against all or any part of the risks
enumerated in subdivision 1 and against any risk which the political subdivision is authorized
to insure under section
176.181, subdivision 1
. Notwithstanding any limitations set forth under
, a political subdivision which has established a self-insurance revolving fund
under subdivision 2 or self-insurance pool may fund insurance claims and reserves and finance
insurance installment purchase agreements for the political subdivision, self-insurance pool, or a
mutual insurance company established pursuant to subdivision 4 and fund other costs set forth in
subdivision 2 by issuing revenue bonds, bonds which are general obligations of the self-insurance
pool or mutual insurance company, as applicable, or other obligations secured by payments
made or to be made by the political subdivisions or pool. An insurance installment purchase
agreement of a participating political subdivision may require that the political subdivision make
payments sufficient to produce revenue for the prompt payment of the bonds or other obligations,
including all interest and premiums, if any, accruing on them. The insurance installment purchase
agreements may provide for additional contributions or premiums if it is actuarially determined
that the assets of the insurance installment purchase agreements available to pay claims are
insufficient. The insurance installment purchase agreements may be multiyear contracts and shall
not be subject to any referendum, public bidding, or net debt limitation requirement of chapter 475.
Subd. 4b. Pool may issue bonds.
A self-insurance pool may issue bonds which are general
obligations of the self-insurance pool or revenue bonds secured by insurance installment purchase
agreements of the participating political subdivisions issued pursuant to subdivision 4a. The pool,
with the approval of the governing body of each participating political subdivision, shall fix the
total amount needed for the procurement of insurance and shall apportion to each participating
political subdivision the political subdivision's share of that amount and of the costs of operation,
or of annual debt service or payments required to pay such amount with interest. Notwithstanding
any limitations set forth under section
, or any other general or special law or charter to the
contrary, a political subdivision may issue revenue bonds or other obligations to provide funds for
the purposes, including self-insurance, authorized by this section. Any other law notwithstanding,
bonds or other obligations issued under this subdivision may be sold at public or private sale
upon the terms and conditions the issuer determines. No election shall be required to authorize
the issuance of the obligations, and the obligations shall not be subject to any limitation on net
debt. Notwithstanding any limitation imposed by section
, the obligations shall mature
in the years the issuer determines. In addition to permitted uses described above, proceeds of
obligations issued pursuant to this subdivision may be used to establish a debt service reserve for
the obligations, pay costs of issuing the bonds or to refund obligations previously issued pursuant
to this subdivision. An issuer of bonds authorized under this subdivision may designate a bank
or trust company authorized to exercise trust powers in this state as trustee for the holders of
obligations issued pursuant to this subdivision and may create funds and accounts necessary to
secure payment of the obligations. Sales proceeds of bonds issued under this subdivision, except
for sales proceeds used to pay costs of issuing the bonds shall be invested so that the average
life of the investments exceeds the average life of the bonds. The proceeds from bonds issued
under this subdivision must be held in trust and may only be paid to the self-insurer according
to the schedule of payments set forth in the trust instruments.
A qualified actuary shall certify that the amount of the scheduled payment does not exceed
the amount necessary to meet the obligation of the self-insurer at the time payment is scheduled to
Notwithstanding the investment limitations imposed in chapters 118A and 475, proceeds of
bonds issued pursuant to this subdivision, and debt service funds and reserves held in connection
with them shall be invested solely in governmental bonds, notes, bills, and other securities,
which are direct obligations or are guaranteed or insured issues of the United States, its agencies,
its instrumentalities, or organizations created by act of Congress, excluding mortgage-backed
If required by the resolution authorizing the issuance of obligations pursuant to this
subdivision, the governing body of each participating political subdivision shall annually levy a
tax sufficient to repay the costs of retirement of any bonds or to make payments under insurance
installment purchase agreements. Taxes may be levied pursuant to this subdivision without
limitation as to rate or amount.
Subd. 4c. Installment purchase; interest rate.
Participating political subdivisions may
delegate to a self-insurance pool of political subdivisions the power to determine the interest rate
on insurance installment purchase agreements provided that the rate is uniform and does not
exceed the net effective rate on revenue bonds or other obligations sold by or on behalf of the
pool by more than one-fourth of one percent.
Subd. 4d. Political subdivision bonds for insurance procurement.
any limitations under section
, or any other general or special law or charter to the contrary,
a political subdivision may issue bonds or other obligations to purchase insurance coverage for
employee health benefits, all or any part of the risks enumerated in subdivision 1, and any risk
which the political subdivision may insure under section
176.181, subdivision 1
. The obligations
must be issued under chapter 475, except that no election is required. The obligations must mature
in the years and amounts determined by the governing body, not exceeding the lesser of three
years or the term of the insurance contract purchased with the proceeds of the obligations.
(b) In addition to the permitted uses described in paragraph (a), proceeds of obligations issued
under this subdivision may be used to establish a debt service reserve for the obligations, to pay
costs of issuing the obligations, or to refund obligations previously issued under this subdivision.
(c) An issuer of obligations authorized under this subdivision may designate a bank or
trust company authorized to exercise trust powers in this state as trustee for the holders of
obligations issued pursuant to this subdivision and may create funds and accounts necessary to
secure payment of the obligations.
(d) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, a levy to pay obligations issued under this
subdivision is not a levy to pay bonded indebtedness or other debt levy that is exempt from levy
limitations and the levy is subject to any otherwise applicable levy limits.
Subd. 5. Town revolving fund.
A town may use a self-insurance revolving fund or pool to
discharge the bond requirements provided by chapter 367 for the town clerk and treasurer.
Subd. 5a. City revolving fund.
A home rule charter or statutory city may use a self-insurance
revolving fund or pool to discharge the bond requirements provided by state law for officers
and employees of the city.
Subd. 6. Risk retention groups.
A political subdivision or pool may purchase environmental
protection coverage from a risk retention group operating under United States Code, title 15,
sections 3901 to 3906, and may purchase nonassessable stock of the group if stock ownership
is a prerequisite for participation.
History: 1980 c 529 s 6; 1983 c 4 s 1; 1985 c 305 art 12 s 5; 1Sp1985 c 16 art 2 s 26; 1987
c 344 s 13-16; 1989 c 185 s 1; 1989 c 304 s 137; 1993 c 218 s 1; 1995 c 256 s 20-23; 1997 c
219 s 9; 2001 c 7 s 90